I²C 7 Segment Led Library for Arduino, Particle, and Raspberry Pi

i2c oled display

Description

The I2c7SegmentLed library works with Arduino, Particle (Photon, Electron, and Core) and Raspberry Pi microcontroller boards and it provides many functions that make it easy to use the 7 Segment Led display modules (which use the I²C communication protocol).

Compatible Hardware

7 Segment Displays come in a variety of sizes, colors and number of digits. This library requires that

  • the 7 segment LED display has from 1 to 8 digits (with 4 being a very common size).
  • the LED display module must use the AMS AS1115 controller chip.
  • the LEDs must be common-cathode configuration to work with the AMS AS1115 chip.

The I²C communication standard only uses 2 pins on the microcontroller to communicate with many I²C devices. This makes it easy to connect many devices (sensors, displays, motors, etc.) to a microcontroller.

The following are links to 7 segment led modules that you can build in various sizes and display colors.

Library Installation

Arduino IDE

Arduino provides several methods for installing libraries. The following is one of the easiest methods.

Importing a .zip Library into the Arduino IDE: At the Github repository for the Arduino version of I2c7SegmentLed library click on “Download ZIP” button above the list of files (you may need to be signed in to Github to see this button). This will download the library files to your computer. Then in your Arduino IDE, click on the menu item Sketch > Include Library > Add .ZIP Library. Navigate to zip file you downloaded and open it. Then click on Sketch > Include Library. Select I2c7SegmentLed from the list, and the library files will be ready to use in your sketch. You will need to restart the Arduino IDE in order to see the I2c7SegmentLedDemo.ino program listed in menu File > Examples > I2c7SegmentLed. Once restarted you can run the demo program.

This Arduino library and demo program is also available from our github repository.

Particle IDEs

Using the Particle Desktop IDE:

  • To run the I2c7SegmentLedDemo program:
    1. Open the Particle Desktop IDE.
    2. Click the libraries icon on the left side.
    3. Find the I2c7SegmentLed library in the list.
    4. Click on “View Source”. This will open an new window in the IDE containing the I2c7SegmentLedDemo.ino program and the library files.
    5. Go to the “examples/I2c7SegmentLedDemo” folder and you will find the I2c7SegmentLedDemo.ino file which can be examined, compiled and flashed to a device.
  • To add the I2c7SegmentLed library to your existing project:
    1. Click the libraries icon on the left side.
    2. Find the I2c7SegmentLed library in the list.
    3. Click on the blue “Use” button to add this library to your project.
    4. Click on “Add to current project”. The library will be added to your project.properties file.
    5. Add #include “I2c7SegmentLed.h” to your main .ino file, and then you can use this library’s features in your code.

      For more information on the Particle Desktop IDE, see the Particle documentation on their website

Using the Particle Web IDE

  • To run the I2c7SegmentLedDemo program:
    1. Click on the “library” icon on the far left side.
    2. Scroll to find the I2c7SegmentLed Library, and click on it.
    3. Click on the file name “I2c7SegmentLedDemo.ino” (near the bottom left)
    4. Click on the button “USE THIS EXAMPLE”. This will create a new app with the demo program and the library files, which you can examine, compile or flash to a device. (Note: If you get an error saying that it can’t find the “I2c7SegmentLed.h” file, add a blank line anywhere in the demo program and recompile again).
  • To add the I2cCharDisplay library to an existing app:
    1. Click on the “library” icon on the far left side.
    2. Scroll to find the I2c7SegmentLed Library, and click on it.
    3. Click on “INCLUDE IN PROJECT”.
    4. Click on the app that you want to add the library to. Click on “CONFIRM”. An “#include” statement will be added to the top of your app.

This Particle library and demo program are also available from our github repository.

Raspberry Pi

To download the Raspberry Pi I2c7SegmentLed library and demo program from GitHub, follow these steps:

  • You will need the git application (if you don’t have it already). In terminal type: sudo apt-get install git-core
  • Next, change to the directory where you want in save the I2c7SegmentLed library and demo program. For example, to change to your Documents folder, type: cd /home/pi/Documents
  • Then download and save the library by typing: git clone https://github.com/wht-io/i2c-7-segment-led-library-arduino.git
  • Change directory to the one just created: cd i2c-7-segment-led-library-arduino
  • This directory should now contain the library and demo program for the 7 segment LED (written in Python)
  • To run the LED demo program, type: python2 I2c7SegmentLedDemo.py

This Raspberryl Pi library and demo program is also available from our github repository.

Functions in the I2c7SegmentLed Library

  • begin() – required to initialize the display. run this first!
  • clear() – clear the display and home the cursor to 1,1
  • home() – move the cursor to home position (1,1)
  • cursorMove(digit) – move cursor to specified digit
  • displayOff() – turns off the entire display
  • displayOn() – turns on the entire display
  • setBrightness(value) – set display brightness (OLED displays only)
  • setDecimalPoint(digit) – set the decimal point after this digit (1-8)
  • clearDecimalPoint(digit) – clear the decimal point after this digit (1-8)
  • setSegments(digit, segments) – set the digit (1-8) to these segments
  • setRegister(reg, value) – set register to this value
  • write(char) – allows the Print command to work to print to the display (in Arduino and Particle library)
  • write(char) – writes one ascii character to the display (in Raspberry Pi library)
  • writeString(string) – (Raspberry Pi only) write strings and numbers that are formatted
  • xxx.Print(string or numbers) (and xxx.Println()) – (Arduino and Particle only) write strings and numbers to the display (where xxx is the name of the display class)

Character Set

The character set that is built into the software is unique in that it attempts to display all ASCII characters (some better than others with this limited number of segments in the display). The chart below shows the display for all 128 ASCII characters.

7 Segment Character Set is courtesy of Jose Pino

ascii character set


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